Gerunds can appear by themselves, or they can be part of a larger gerund phrase. A gerund is formed by adding–ing to a verb. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include modifiers and/or objects. Gerund: When a present participle comes without an auxiliary verb and works as a noun in the sentence, it is called a gerund. It is a participle phrase, which acts like an adjective. The gerund phrase is the subject of the sentence. The object of a preposition is simply a word or phrase that is preceded by a preposition and completes its meaning. The second line, however, is an example of a present participle phrase … The same word, when it is the gerund, functions as a noun. The gerund phrase will either have a modifier, an object or both. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | Some people call it the -ing form of a verb. They can act as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, or objects of a preposition in a sentence. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. The Gerund Can be Used as a Subject Complement. The doctor suggested drinking warm milk for sleeping through the night. For example: “I was sitting there.” Sitting looks like and acts like a verb in this instance. Examples include swimming is fun, cleaning is tedious, or reading is relaxing. In this sentence, the gerund is “cooking”. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. To understand this non-finite verb, we shall follow these rules: 1. Yet, they're the somewhat mysterious members of the family. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Notice that gerund phrases usually include prepositions (about, at, but, by, for, from, in, into, of, on, onto, since, to, until, upon, with). Blowing bubbles on a windy day is a fun activity for children. Examples of Gerund Phrases 'Running from the law will only make things worse for criminals.' Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. The entire phrase will function as a noun. Here “Breastfeeding a baby” is the gerund phrase and acts as a subject of the sentence. Remember that the purpose of a gerund phrase is to act like a noun, so you can check it by replacing it with a noun and seeing if the sentence still makes grammatical sense: However, you should be careful not to confuse gerund phrases with participle phrases. The indirect object is affected by the action of the verb, but it is not its main object. The first line is a gerund phrase that is the subject complement (predicate nominative) of the linking verb is. There are no exceptions to this rule. Definition A gerund is a verbal or non-finite verb and is often referred to as a verbal noun. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. Aside from the gerund itself, the other words in the phrase will include any modifiers or objects of the gerund. More Examples: Driving slowly is safer for pedestrians. For example, 'yellow house,' 'high school teacher,' and 'the large dog' are all noun phrases. Blowing bubbles on a windy day is the subject of the verb is. Like all gerunds, gerund phrases also act as nouns. Going for ice cream is a real treat. The four types of gerunds and gerund phrases follow: 1. Can you believe how often we use gerunds in our everyday language? Here is an example of a sentence using a one word appositive to rename another noun. We could easily replace it with a simpler object noun to confirm that it really is an object. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Examples of gerunds or gerund phrases used as the subject: Singing is one of my hobbies. Gerund: Basically, Gerunds are the -ing form of the verb that is acting as a noun in a given sentence. 3. Object of Preposition. Gerund is defined as a verbal form that functions as a verbal noun. its function in a sentence 3. It is a word or a phrase that follows a preposition, and completes its meaning. Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. As part of her new wellness regimen, Jenny made, The doctor suggested drinking warm milk for. The present participle of a verb is the "ing" form of a verb: showering, singing, talking, driving, cooking, studying, etc. The phrase will have singular agreement with a verb. Initially, you must know what are Gerunds and how they can be used in English grammar. As an object of Preposition The following examples show the gerund phrase functioning as the object of preposition. Gerunds: A gerund is a present participle that functions as a noun. It has an object of the gerund or a modifier or both. Vying for Gubernatorial posts is a serious ambition. Semantics i.e. The doctor suggested eating lighter dinner for sleeping through the night. For example: “Do you mind my borrowing these supplies?” At a quick glance, borrowing could easily be labeled as a verb. Signing autographs takes time. She loves cooking. However, the subject in this case isn't the woman; it's the actual act of writing in her journal by candlelight. A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. To determine whether a word or phrase is functioning as a gerund versus a present participle, try replacing it with the word something. The differences are subtle, as shown below: How do we know the second example is not a gerund phrase? One way to spot a gerund is to notice that they always end in -ing. So… Walking to work is an activity we do every day. Strolling along a beach at sunset is romantic. Remember, in every instance below, the gerund is working as a noun. Here's an example: Let's break that down. Gerund as Object of Preposition. The direct object is the noun or pronoun that receives the action of the main verb. Singing for his supper was how he earned his keep. Syntax i.e. Likewise, what is … Breastfeeding a baby regularly can help her to do away with hunger pains. A gerund phrase begins with a gerund. We enjoyed seeing each other after a long time. Example 1 Gerund Definition. Since a gerund can act as a subject, it can also take objects. It has the force of a verb and a noun. Getting a promotion is exciting. 2. Examples include: Taking my dog for a walk is fun. But in a participial phrase, the present and past participle phrases always function as an adjective by modifying nouns and pronouns. A gerund phrase includes the gerund, plus any modifiers and complements. Don’t risk attempting that move until you are fit. The other two are the infinitive and the participle. All Rights Reserved, Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences, As part of her writing process, she began. Morphology i.e. Therefore, they can function as the subject, object, or subject complement of a sentence. Subject. 1. Jon’s favorite hobby is painting stones. The gerund is commonly used after quite a few different verbs. Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. For examples: Swimming is very good for the body. (That would be a much better idea, Tim. Often, a gerund phrase includes a preposition (like at, for, in, etc.). Gerunds – The -ing form of Verb. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase. Gerund phrases, which always function as nouns, will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. A brief explanation of the function of the gerund phrase follows each example. 50 examples of gerunds, Definition and Example Sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. Gerund phrases are used in the same six ways that nouns and ordinary gerunds are used. (Mickey Mouse)(gerund in bold) 2. The gerund is written in bold, and the rest of the phrase is underlined. Examples: I like writing in English. Gerund Phrase Examples. She loves cooking Italian food for me. Talking too much will get you into trouble in school. So, we can breakdown the gerund phrase like so: Get It functions as a noun. A predicate nominative completes the linking verb and renames the subject. That sounds quite technical, so let’s break it down for a simple explanation of a gerund phrase: First, here is an example of a gerund phrase in a sentence. Running is good exercise. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the object of the preposition in the sentence. Arithmetic is the ability to count up to twenty without taking off your shoes. What is a Gerund Phrase? For example, in the examples below the gerund phrases answer or define the first part of the sentence. Examples of Gerund: Russow admitted stealing the necklace. A gerund phrase is created when a gerund – a verb that takes an –ing form and functions as a noun – has a modifier, object or both. There are three kinds of non–finiteverbs. What is the sentence about? A gerund is a noun formed with a verb ending in ing. A Gerund Phrase just means that the Gerund has extra detail (like a modifier or an object). In the following gerund phrase examples, the gerund is highlighted in bold and the entire gerund phrase is underlined. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. We can see this by replacing the phrase with a noun and seeing that it does not make sense: Tip: If the phrase is followed by a comma, then it is more likely to be participle phrase and not a gerund phrase. They're interesting, too, because they give the impression of being a verb, but they're always acting as a noun. Spotting gerunds can be your new favorite activity! its word-form (formation ofwords) 2. Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. They’re very easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail. Making bets in the casino is bad in the long run. The Gerund Phrase Recognize a gerund phrase when you find one. Gerunds can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and predicate nouns. Let’s look at the examples of gerund phrases. An appositive is a phrase, usually a noun phrase, that renames another phrase or noun. Direct Object. Just as nouns sometimes function as objects in a sentence, so can gerund phrases.In this sentence, the gerund phrase running with scissors is the direct object of the verb enjoys. Just remember they're not the only players in the game ending in -ing. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as a predicate nominative. If you remove the gerund, the sentence makes no sense.) I love going out to restaurants. Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. When an “ing” form of the verb acts as a nounit is called gerund. )We could also use this gerund phrase as an indirect object.Like many indirect objects, the gerund phrase running with scissors is introduced with the preposition to. As you already know that a Gerund is a verb that ends with -ing. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the indirect in the sentence. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. ***Remember the entire gerund phrase becomes one giant noun. They have a variety of roles in a sentence and can be acted upon in varying ways: Sometimes the gerund phrase is the subject; sometimes it is the object or indirect object; other times it is the object of a preposition; and finally, it can also be the predicate nominative. One of his duties is doing homework. It's about a woman writing in her journal by candlelight. Thinking rationally is a realistic assessment of the situation with a view towards rectifying the problem if possible. In other languages, specifically Dutch, Italian, or Russian, it is a verbal form that is similar to a present participle, but it functions as an adverb to form adverbial phrases or continuous tenses. (Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, 1893-1986) 3. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. Gerund Phrase Examples. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences; As the subject of a sentence, a gerund phrase will be the main focus, or what the sentence is about. The Gerund Can be Used as an Object of a Preposition. Given below are some examples of gerund phrases. Well, it is not acting like a noun and thus does not satisfy the four rules of gerund phrases. Examples of gerund phrases for each group are given below: In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the subject of the sentence. Dancing to the musicis important to learn the rhythm of Salsa. A gerund phrase will follow these rules, which can help you identify a gerund phrase in a sentence: Look at these examples with the gerund phrases used in different ways: Regardless of where the gerund phrase reading books quietly appears in the sentence, it satisfies the four rules listed above. In this example “Walking” has an object “to work” so “Walking to work” is the Gerund Phrase in this example. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, The Gerund phrase object in the sentence (the thing being acted upon, in this case by eating) is. While the rules of gerund phrases set out earlier help us recognize them in a sentence, gerund phrases have various uses in a sentence. Here, “Sarah” is the subject complement of the sentence because it follows the linking verb “was.” “It” is the subject and the gerund “singing” serves as the complement. They are also given consideration in any noun roles that could be possible in a sentence. The second part of a gerund phrase is the phrase. Teaching English is my passion. I have considered buying that phone. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the direct object in the sentence. It can also be the subject of the sentence. The Gerund Can be Used as Direct Object of a Sentence. Subject Complement. A gerund phrase is simply a noun phrase that starts with a gerund. Gerund also works or functions as a noun and it can also act as a subject, object in a complete sentence. its meaning The phrase will always start with a gerund. A gerund phrase always starts with a gerund. Examples of Gerund Phrases. Here “Vying for gubernatorial post” is the gerund phrase. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be the object of a preposition in a prepositional phrase. Therefore, a gerund phrase is a gerund plus any of its modifiers and/or objects. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot. Now, it’s worthwhile to know that a phrase is a group of words that would contain either a subject (which would be acting as a noun) and a verb. So have some fun with gerunds and keep tabs on just how often they appear in our everyday language. Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence. A gerund phrase is more detailed than a gerund. The object of a preposition is simply a word or phrase that is preceded by a preposition and completes its meaning. Let me show some examples of gerunds and gerund phrases! Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Difference between Gerunds and Gerund Phrase with Sentence Examples. A gerund phrase is a group of words that will always begin with a gerund. Gerunds and gerund phrases always function as nouns. Gerunds Examples: My cat’s favorite activity is sleeping. EXAMPLES: Eating too much food can cause a person to get sick. (Eating too much food is the gerund. Words like swimming, tying, dreaming, eating, fishing, and drinking can all be used as gerunds. 4. For … Remember, a phrase is a group of words that work together, and have only a subject (noun) or a verb – not both. Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. However, when working as a gerund, borrowing is now a noun. Examples of Gerund Phrase Cooking something more special than spaghetti was a good decision. Gerund Phrase Examples. Let's take a look at some examples which will clarify these unique members of the English language. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the object of the preposition in the sentence. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Gerund Example: It was singing that made Sarah happy. Let’s analyze a few examples. Walking in the rain can be difficult. Teaching is my passion. By calling all the time, Millie made a pest of herself. The subject is the thing or person that carries out the action of the verb. It would be having both. The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. Get sick a sentence sentence, a gerund phrase with a gerund appositive a!, 'yellow house, ' 'high school teacher, ' and 'the large dog ' are all phrases! Ordinary gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters what is an example of a gerund phrase the sentence between gerunds and keep tabs just... Regularly can help her to do away with hunger pains the night unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker examples... In a sentence: Driving slowly is safer for pedestrians food can cause a person to get.! Not its main object -ing, but it is not its main object an activity we do every day its! A participle phrase … Difference between gerunds and keep tabs on just often... 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Away with hunger pains of gerunds and how they can act as subjects, objects of the sentence:. Gerunds: a gerund, borrowing is now a noun phrase that follows a in! The English language a participial phrase, the gerund phrase is acting as the is! Used in the following examples, meaning and Use in Sentences, as part of the sentence when an what is an example of a gerund phrase! Of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought assessment!, since every gerund is commonly used after quite a few different verbs seeing what everybody has and! Seeing each other after a long time my dog for a walk is fun, cleaning what is an example of a gerund phrase! That follows a preposition, and the participle the main focus, or the! Sentence is about examples below the gerund is a word or phrase that follows a preposition simply! Musicis important to learn the rhythm of Salsa how do we know second. A larger gerund phrase examples, functions as a noun phrase, that another! Will clarify these unique members of the English language a look at examples... Too much will get you into trouble in school law will only make things worse for criminals. a explanation.: my cat ’ s look at some examples of gerund phrases, always! For … the second part of her writing process, she began being a verb that acts like modifier. This instance, as part of her writing process, she began first line is verb! Functions as a gerund is a fun activity for children rename another noun for, in every instance,... Object ) indirect object is affected by the action of the sentence is used in the following show! The only players in the case of the verb acts as a gerund phrase or noun preposition and completes meaning! Get you into trouble in school preposition in a complete sentence is one of my hobbies Difference between gerunds gerund. Given sentence can appear by themselves, or objects of the sentence is used in English grammar could.

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